Unleashing Your Potential: A Guide to Competitive Programming

Santhusha Janana Mudannayaka
6 min readFeb 5, 2023

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Understanding Competitive Programming
  3. Getting Started with Competitive Programming
  4. Competitive Programming Strategies
  5. Competitive Programming Community
  6. Conclusion


In competitive programming, individuals or teams of programmers compete to solve algorithmic problems in a limited amount of time. The competition is usually held online and can be organized by companies, universities, or open-source communities. Competitive programming has been gaining popularity in recent years as a way for programmers to improve their problem-solving skills, learn new algorithms and data structures, and prepare for technical interviews.

The history of competitive programming can be traced back to the 1970s and 1980s when computer scientists would gather at conferences and universities to compete in algorithmic problem-solving. However, it was not until the rise of the internet and online platforms that competitive programming became more widely accessible. Nowadays, there are numerous online platforms and contests that allow individuals to participate in competitive programming from anywhere in the world.

Participating in competitive programming can provide a number of benefits for individuals. Additionally, performing well in competitive programming can lead to opportunities such as internships and job offers from top companies in the tech industry. Furthermore, it helps in developing logical thinking and time management. Competitive programming also provides an opportunity to learn from other participants and become part of a global community of programmers.

Understanding Competitive Programming

Competitive programming is a kind of sport that requires a combination of technical knowledge and problem-solving skills. It involves writing efficient, optimized and error-free code to solve algorithmic problems under a time constraint.

There are different types of competitive programming contests and platforms. Some popular examples include:

  • Online judges: Websites like HackerRank, CodeForces, and LeetCode host a wide variety of algorithmic problems that can be solved in different programming languages. These problems are organized in contests and tracks, and users can submit their solutions and compare their results with others.
  • Programming contests: Organizations host annual programming contests like International Collegiate Programming Contest (ICPC) and Google Code Jam that attract thousands of participants from all over the world. These contests usually have a set of algorithmic problems that need to be solved in a fixed amount of time.
  • Hackathons: Hackathons are not just limited to coding but also have a competitive programming component. Many hackathons have a special track or category for competitive programming, where participants can showcase their coding skills and problem-solving abilities.

Examples of popular competitive programming contests include:

  • ACM ICPC: Considered one of the most prestigious programming contests, it is organized by the Association for Computing Machinery. Teams of three students from universities around the world compete to solve algorithmic problems under a strict time limit.
  • Google Code Jam: Google hosts an annual programming contest that attracts thousands of participants from all over the world. The contest features algorithmic problems that need to be solved in a fixed amount of time, and the winner receives a cash prize.
  • Facebook Hacker Cup: Facebook hosts an annual international programming competition that features algorithmic problems that need to be solved in a fixed amount of time. The winner receives a cash prize and the opportunity to interview for a job at Facebook.

Getting Started with Competitive Programming

Getting started with competitive programming can seem daunting at first, but with the right resources and mindset, anyone can learn to excel in this field. One of the first steps to take is to familiarize yourself with the basics of problem-solving and algorithms. There are many online resources such as tutorials, books, and online courses that can help you to improve your skills in this area. Additionally, practicing with sample problems and participating in online coding challenges can also be a great way to improve your problem-solving abilities.

As you become more comfortable with the basics, it’s important to start preparing for competitive programming contests. This can include researching different contest formats and rules, practicing with sample problems, and learning how to optimize your code for speed and efficiency. Additionally, developing a solid debugging and testing strategy is crucial for success in competitive programming. It’s also important to build a support system of peers, mentors, and coaches to help guide you through the process. By following these tips and resources, you will be well on your way to becoming a Competitive Programming Pro.

Competitive Programming Strategies

Let’s delve into the various strategies and techniques used in competitive programming. Competitive programming is a challenging and competitive field that requires a specific set of skills and techniques to excel. One key strategy to understand different approaches to solving problems is using greedy algorithms, dynamic programming, and backtracking. Additionally, it is important to be able to optimize code for speed and efficiency. This can include techniques like using data structures such as arrays and hash tables and implementing caching and memoization.

Another important aspect of competitive programming is being able to debug and test code effectively. This includes understanding how to use debugging tools and techniques such as print statements, breakpoints, and variable watches. Additionally, it is important to have a good understanding of test-driven development and to have a good set of test cases to validate the correctness of the code.

Competitive Programming Community

Participating in competitive programming is not just about solving problems and competing against others, it’s also about being part of a community of like-minded individuals who are passionate about coding and problem-solving. Joining a competitive programming community can provide you with a wealth of resources, support, and opportunities to improve your skills and advance your career.

To get involved in the competitive programming community, you can start by joining online forums, social media groups, and chat channels dedicated to competitive programming. These platforms allow you to connect with other competitive programmers, ask questions, share tips and advice, and collaborate on projects. Additionally, many competitive programming contests also have their own dedicated communities where you can connect with other participants and organizers.

Another way to get involved in the competitive programming community is by participating in local coding events and meetups. These events are great opportunities to network with other competitive programmers, learn new skills, and get inspiration for your own coding projects.

Being part of a competitive programming community can provide you with a wealth of resources and support, as well as opportunities to improve your skills and advance your career. So, don’t hesitate to get involved and start connecting with other competitive programmers today.


In conclusion, competitive programming is a challenging and rewarding activity that can help individuals improve their problem-solving skills and increase their chances of success in the tech industry. By understanding the basics of competitive programming, preparing for contests, using effective strategies, and getting involved in the community, you can start reaping the benefits of this exciting field. Remember to stay updated on the latest contests, resources and strategies by following the community and participating in online groups. With dedication and hard work, you can become a proficient competitive programmer and potentially open up new opportunities for your career.

In my previous article, I discussed the topic “What is a Hackathon? Why should you try one?” If you didn’t read it yet, click here.

Open to your responses. I hope to talk to you in my next article . . .
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Santhusha Janana Mudannayaka

Engineering Undergraduate at University of Moratuwa | Tech & Startup Enthusiast | Writer | Volunteer